Today’s weddings may be a blend of ancient, modern, religious and cultural traditions that are individualized by the bridal couple. We’ve taken a look at the origins of customs that brides and grooms weave into their lives as they approach marriage.
Long, flowing white gowns say bride to everyone. Traditional white gowns with full or slim skirts, veils and trains, an abundance of chiffon and lace, a high bodice with cap sleeves and covered buttons accessorized with white silk pumps create visions of old-time charm. The tradition started with Queen Victoria, and women followed her lead. Your grandmother’s dress, carefully handed down to each generation of new brides, is a lovely family tradition.
Even if you don’t have such a dress, you can still have a traditional wedding gown that exudes extravagance. Modern dresses change the styling but not the sentiment. Today’s dresses are often strapless, showing off the beautiful shoulders and cleavage of the bride.
The Bridal Party
The tradition of a “best man” likely has its origins with the Germanic Goths, when it was customary for a man to marry a woman from within his own community. If no eligible women lived within a town, a man might have to seek out and capture a woman from another community, seizing her forcibly. The groom would naturally select a strong male companion for the task. Today, the groom selects his best man to assist with the many responsibilities that occur during the period leading up to the wedding, such as providing support and assistance and keeping him calm.
In ancient Rome, the bride’s attendants dressed identically to the bride to protect her and distract the evil spirits from harming her in this superstitious culture. In today’s weddings, bridal attendants give emotional support to the bride before the wedding day, host wedding showers and a bridal luncheon, and help her attend to all the details that lead up to the moment when she walks down the aisle.
A Plethora of Flowers
Brides in ancient times carried herbs to ward off evil spirits. In Europe in the mid-fourteenth century, brides carried garlic and dill to block odors and to protect them from the plague. Slowly, the bride began replacing the repugnant herbs with more beautiful flowers and more pleasant scents.
The floral industry responded with flowers imported year-round. Why stick with just roses and snowdrops when you can have your choice of orchids, baby’s breath, lilies, carnations, tulips, peonies, anthurium, calla lilies, clematis, daisies, freesia, gardenia, hyacinth, Protea, Queen Anne’s lace, ranunculus, stephanotis and sweet pea to go with the blossoms. Some of these flowers have blushes of pink, yellow, peach, green and blue that make them ideal to complement the wedding’s theme colors.
The Symbol of Lasting Love
Many of our supposed traditions are newer than you might realize. Some believe that the wedding ring tradition has its origins in the Roman belief of Vena Amoris, or the ring finger being directly connected to the heart by a blood vessel.
Others say this is more likely a modern tradition. In 860 CE, Pope Nicholas decreed that the future bride should have an engagement ring to signify the groom’s financial commitment; it had to be made of gold to be considered valid. In 1215, Pope Innocent III declared that the engagement period should be lengthened and couldn’t be skipped to avoid the engagement ring! The ring protected the bride, but it was a DeBeers advertising slogan in 1947, A Diamond Is Forever, that began the “tradition” of the diamond engagement ring. The groom’s wedding band is another modern tradition that appeared in the early 20th century in the United States.
The wedding ceremony follows cultural and religious beliefs of the engaged couple. In a typical American wedding, the ushers seat the guests before the ceremony. The bride’s mother is seated last unless she accompanies her husband and daughter in the processional. The groom, the best man and minister take their places at the front of the gathered guests. The ushers enter in pairs, followed by the wedding party. The bride enters escorted by her father and possibly her mother. The officiant conducts the ceremony and vows and rings are exchanged, followed by the officiant pronouncing the couple husband and wife.
Following the ceremony, tradition dictates a wedding reception or breakfast. Rituals include speeches by the groom, best man, father of the bride and possibly the bride, the newlyweds’ first dance and the cutting of an elegant wedding cake. The top layer is carefully preserved for the newlyweds to enjoy on their first anniversary.
Traditions present in other religious wedding ceremonies may include tying a knot, walking around an altar, or breaking a fragile glass, each of which has meanings within the religion.
Modern couples incorporate traditions and create their own, but the most lasting remembrance is the love and support of the couple by their family and friends. HLM
Sources: aeon.co, brideandgroom.com, brides.com, nytimescom, people.howstuffworks.com, simplepleasures.us, theknot.com and wednet.com.